The Basics Of Saltwater Fly Fishing
Rods And ReelsBecause many fish that are found in salt waters can be large, the rod you use is important. If you're going out for tarpon, you'll be confronting a fish that can reach 150 lbs. Therefore, you'll need a heavier rod. Some anglers who want to catch large fish choose 15wt rods to help them play their catch. That being said, most saltwater anglers will likely be going after smaller prey. A 9-foot rod with a 9wt line will usually suffice.
Because salt water can lead to corrosion, you'll need to invest in a reel that doesn't corrode easily. Keep in mind that if you plan to do your saltwater fishing in places that reach high temperatures, the heat can accelerate the corrosion. Corrosion concerns aside, the reel you use should have a drag system to help resist a fish that's fighting to escape. Plus, the reels should be larger than the reels you use in freshwater fishing. This is due to the heavier line you'll be using and the occasional need to store back up line for larger fish.
Types Of FliesThere are more than 1,000 different flies used for saltwater fishing. There isn't a science to picking the right fly. It's mostly a matter of experience and personal preference. It's important to note that a fly may seem effective for luring and catching fish one day and be completely ineffective the next. There are simply too many factors that impact the likelihood of a fish taking a line to choose a "perfect" fly.
Popular saltwater fishing flies include streamers (with slender bodies), bucktails (made from the tails of white-haired deer) and tarpon flies (designed specifically to catch tarpon in the Florida Keys). Other flies follow patterns based upon the materials used to create them. For example, deerhair pattern flies used deerhair to simulate a baitfish or grasshopper. Wool pattern flies use sheep's wool to look like baitfish.