An Overview Of Fly Fishing Methods
The Basic Forward CastTo perform a forward cast, you begin by moving your arm back over your shoulder (similar to loading a football before throwing it). The fly line will travel in the same direction. When the line has become straight, move your arm forward over your shoulder. The forward movement should be done entirely with your forearm. This type of cast builds the energy of the line so that when you pull the line forward, the fly and line will travel an extended distance.
False CastingOften, you'll see an angler "whisking" his line by moving his arm back and forth over his shoulder. The fly never touches the water. It's called "false casting." The objective isn't to throw the fly onto the water. Rather, it's usually done to either spend some of the line (to gain more distance), dry the fly if it's drenched, or to simply gain positioning for the cast.
The Roll CastAnglers use a roll cast when they're fishing in a confined space. At times, a fly fisherman will find himself surrounded by trees and shrubbery. Under such conditions, a forward cast may be impossible. A roll cast is performed by allowing a part of the fly line to rest on the surface of the water. The dampness in the line adds weight and helps provide distance to the cast.
Your rod should begin at the 10:00 position. Swinging your rod around your body should place it at the 2:00 position. At this point, the fly line should be lightly draped onto the water's surface. With a quick forward cast, you should move the rod to an 11:00 position. The line should initially travel upward (due to the rod's position), using the added weight of the water to carry it further.